1. Koshi Gamae: Hip preparatory position

2. Manji Gamae: "Lambda"-shaped preparatory position, one arm raised above and behind the head with the other arm blocking low in front of the body (e.g., in the Kata, Heian Godan)

3. Manji Uke: "Lambda"-shaped block

4. Ryoken Koshi Gamae: Double hip preparatory position (e.g. in the Kata, Heian Sandan)

5. Morote Koko Gamae: Double handed preparatory position (e.g. in the Kata, Enpi)